Linux服务器分区一键自动挂载硬盘工具

整理目前可用一键脚本可以直接挂载磁盘,比如我们常见的可以用到阿里云、腾讯云等服务器。如果我们数据不是太多的话,默认的50GB磁盘放系统和数据是足够的,个人觉得无需挂载盘单独购买。当然,如果我们项目以后数据确实较大,开始就要做好挂载磁盘。

宝塔官方脚本

#Centos系统请使用以下命令
  yum install wget -y && wget -O auto_disk.sh http://download.bt.cn/tools/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh#Ubuntu系统请使用以下命令
  wget -O auto_disk.sh http://download.bt.cn/tools/auto_disk.sh && sudo bash auto_disk.sh#Debian系统请使用以下命令
  wget -O auto_disk.sh http://download.bt.cn/tools/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh

wn789备份版(宝塔)

#Centos/Fedora:  yuminstallwget -y && wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wn789/www/master/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh#Ubuntu:  wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wn789/www/master/auto_disk.sh && sudo bash auto_disk.sh#Debian:  wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wn789/www/master/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh

zhuji999备份版(宝塔)

#Centos系统请使用以下命令:yuminstallwget -y && wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/zhuji9999/BT-Panel-Linux/master/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh#Ubuntu系统请使用以下命令:wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/zhuji9999/BT-Panel-Linux/master/auto_disk.sh && sudo bash auto_disk.sh#Debian系统请使用以下命令:wget -O auto_disk.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/zhuji9999/BT-Panel-Linux/master/auto_disk.sh && bash auto_disk.sh

Linux运维笔记脚本

wget http://mirrors.linuxeye.com/scripts/auto_fdisk.shchmod +x ./auto_fdisk.sh./auto_fdisk.sh

下面的脚本是  自建  的,请熟悉代码流程再使用避免出错,不同环境不敢保证通用。

#!/bin/bash
PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:~/bin
export PATH
LANG=en_US.UTF-8
setup_path=/www
#if [ $1 != "" ];then
    #setup_path=$1;
#fi
  
#检测磁盘数量
sysDisk=`cat /proc/partitions|grep -v name|grep -v ram|awk '{print $4}'|grep -v '^$'|grep -v '[0-9]$'|grep -v 'vda'|grep -v 'xvda'|grep -v 'sda'|grep -e 'vd' -e 'sd' -e 'xvd'`
if [ "${sysDisk}" == "" ]; then
    echo -e "ERROR!This server has only one hard drive,exit"
    echo -e "此服务器只有一块磁盘,无法挂载"
    echo -e "Bye-bye"
    exit;
fi
#检测/www目录是否已挂载磁盘
mountDisk=`df -h | awk '{print $6}' |grep www`
if [ "${mountDisk}" != "" ]; then
    echo -e "www directory has been mounted,exit"
    echo -e "www目录已被挂载,不执行任何操作"
    echo -e "Bye-bye"
    exit;
fi
#检测是否有windows分区
winDisk=`fdisk -l |grep "NTFS\|FAT32"`
if [ "${winDisk}" != "" ];then
    echo 'Warning: The Windows partition was detected. For your data security, Mount manually.';
    echo "危险 数据盘为windwos分区,为了你的数据安全,请手动挂载,本脚本不执行任何操作。"
    exit;
fi
echo "
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
| Bt-WebPanel Automatic disk partitioning tool
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
| Copyright © 2015-2017 BT-SOFT(http://www.bt.cn) All rights reserved.
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
| Auto mount partition disk to $setup_path
+----------------------------------------------------------------------
"
  
  
#数据盘自动分区
fdiskP(){
      
    for i in `cat /proc/partitions|grep -v name|grep -v ram|awk '{print $4}'|grep -v '^$'|grep -v '[0-9]$'|grep -v 'vda'|grep -v 'xvda'|grep -v 'sda'|grep -e 'vd' -e 'sd' -e 'xvd'`;
    do
        #判断指定目录是否被挂载
        isR=`df -P|grep $setup_path`
        if [ "$isR" != "" ];then
            echo "Error: The $setup_path directory has been mounted."
            return;
        fi
          
        isM=`df -P|grep '/dev/${i}1'`
        if [ "$isM" != "" ];then
            echo "/dev/${i}1 has been mounted."
            continue;
        fi
              
        #判断是否存在未分区磁盘
        isP=`fdisk -l /dev/$i |grep -v 'bytes'|grep "$i[1-9]*"`
        if [ "$isP" = "" ];then
                #开始分区
                fdisk -S 56 /dev/$i << EOF
n
p
1
  
  
wq
EOF
  
            sleep 5
            #检查是否分区成功
            checkP=`fdisk -l /dev/$i|grep "/dev/${i}1"`
            if [ "$checkP" != "" ];then
                #格式化分区
                mkfs.ext4 /dev/${i}1
                mkdir $setup_path
                #挂载分区
                sed -i "/\/dev\/${i}1/d" /etc/fstab
                echo "/dev/${i}1    $setup_path    ext4    defaults    0 0" >> /etc/fstab
                mount -a
                df -h
            fi
        else
            #判断是否存在Windows磁盘分区
            isN=`fdisk -l /dev/$i|grep -v 'bytes'|grep -v "NTFS"|grep -v "FAT32"`
            if [ "$isN" = "" ];then
                echo 'Warning: The Windows partition was detected. For your data security, Mount manually.';
                return;
            fi
              
            #挂载已有分区
            checkR=`df -P|grep "/dev/$i"`
            if [ "$checkR" = "" ];then
                    mkdir $setup_path
                    sed -i "/\/dev\/${i}1/d" /etc/fstab
                    echo "/dev/${i}1    $setup_path    ext4    defaults    0 0" >> /etc/fstab
                    mount -a
                    df -h
            fi
              
            #清理不可写分区
            echo 'True' > $setup_path/checkD.pl
            if [ ! -f $setup_path/checkD.pl ];then
                    sed -i "/\/dev\/${i}1/d" /etc/fstab
                    mount -a
                    df -h
            else
                    rm -f $setup_path/checkD.pl
            fi
        fi
    done
}
stop_service(){
  
    /etc/init.d/bt stop
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/nginx" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/nginx stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/httpd" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/httpd stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/mysqld" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/mysqld stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/pure-ftpd stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/tomcat" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/tomcat stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/redis" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/redis stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/memcached" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/memcached stop > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/www/server/panel/data/502Task.pl" ]; then
        rm -f /www/server/panel/data/502Task.pl
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-52" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-52 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-53" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-53 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-54" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-54 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-55" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-55 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-56" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-56 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-70" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-70 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
  
        if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-71" ]; then
            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-71 stop > /dev/null 2>&1
        fi
    fi
}
  
start_service()
{
    /etc/init.d/bt start
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/nginx" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/nginx start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/httpd" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/httpd start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/mysqld" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/mysqld start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/pure-ftpd start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/tomcat" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/tomcat start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/redis" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/redis start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/memcached" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/memcached start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-52" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-52 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-53" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-53 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-54" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-54 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-55" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-55 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-56" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-56 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-70" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-70 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-71" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-71 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-72" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-71 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
      
    if [ -f "/etc/init.d/php-fpm-73" ]; then
        /etc/init.d/php-fpm-71 start > /dev/null 2>&1
    fi
  
    echo "True" > /www/server/panel/data/502Task.pl
}
  
while [ "$go" != 'y' ] && [ "$go" != 'n' ]
do
    read -p "Do you want to try to mount the data disk to the $setup_path directory?(y/n): " go;
done
  
if [ "$go" = 'n' ];then
    echo -e "Bye-bye"
    exit;
fi
  
if [ -f "/etc/init.d/bt" ] && [ -f "/www/server/panel/data/port.pl" ]; then
    disk=`cat /proc/partitions|grep -v name|grep -v ram|awk '{print $4}'|grep -v '^$'|grep -v '[0-9]$'|grep -v 'vda'|grep -v 'xvda'|grep -v 'sda'|grep -e 'vd' -e 'sd' -e 'xvd'`
    diskFree=`cat /proc/partitions |grep ${disk}|awk '{print $3}'`
    wwwUse=`du -sh -k /www|awk '{print $1}'`
  
    if [ "${diskFree}" -lt "${wwwUse}" ]; then
        echo -e "Sorry,your data disk is too small,can't coxpy to the www."
        echo -e "对不起,你的数据盘太小,无法迁移www目录数据到此数据盘"
        exit;
    else
        echo -e ""
        echo -e "stop bt-service"
        echo -e "停止宝塔服务"
        echo -e ""
        sleep 3
        stop_service
        echo -e ""
        mv /www /bt-backup
        echo -e "disk partition..."
        echo -e "磁盘分区..."
        sleep 2
        echo -e ""
        fdiskP
        echo -e ""
        echo -e "move disk..."
        echo -e "迁移数据中..."
        \cp -r -p -a /bt-backup/* /www
        echo -e ""
        echo -e "Done"
        echo -e "迁移完成"
        echo -e ""
        echo -e "start bt-service"
        echo -e "启动宝塔服务"
        echo -e ""
        start_service
    fi
else
    fdiskP
    echo -e ""
    echo -e "Done"
    echo -e "挂载成功"
fi


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